What is agricultural biosecurity?
Biosecurity is a term that has many interpretations. For Waage & Mumford (2011), biosecurity means the protection of countries against alien pests (insects, vertebrates, etc.) and diseases. Biosecurity has also been used to describe measures taken to reduce the risk of spread of animal disease on farms (Defra 2005) and defence against biological weapons, such as the deliberate introduction of smallpox or anthrax into human populations (O’Toole & Inglesby 2003). FAO (2003) has adopted biosecurity as a holistic term which encompasses policy and regulation to protect agriculture, food and the environment from biological risk.
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This short survey aims to learn more about how the practical solutions for pest surveillance, control and eradication developed under the EMPHASIS project address the needs of potential end-users.
The outbreaks of emergent plant diseases or insect pests are significantly increasing at an alarming rate due to climate change, global trade and other reasons. These plant health emergent problems are serious threats to global food security in this 21st century.